French Fashion Houses of Today
- Pierre Balmain
The beautiful dresses of the firm are designed by Erik
- Louis Feraud
Excels in colorful, artistsic, luxurious, women's attire.
Designs for the young market and does "single-sex"
dressing that both men and women can wear.
- Hubert de Givenchy
Especially boig in the 1950's; glamorous evening wear,
ladies' suits and dresses; perfection of cut and lasting quality.
Of Japanese descent; colorful, casual, multilayer sillouettes.
- Karl Lagerfeld
Of German descent; creates many inventive, wearable designs
in France, Italy, and the United States for his own collection
and, especially, for the Chanel label.
- Guy Laroche
A master of understated, quality fashions for mature,
elegant women; also menswear, accessories, and perfumes.
- Claude Montana
Strong on silhouette, color, and texture.
- Hanae Mori
Of Japanese descent; fashions with poetic colors and
patterns; also accessories.
Often creates sexy, clingy dresses.
- Sonia Rykiel
The red-haired 'queen' of knits and sweater dressing.
- Yves Saint
Creates stylish, elegant, trend-setting designs; has
been called 'the king of fashion'.
- Emanual Ungaro
Known for sensuously draped dresses; also loud prints
Italian who moved business from Rome to Paris; ladylike,
sophisticated fashions for famous clientele.
American Fashion Designers and Firms
Cuban born; started with dramatic hats; now tasteful,
classic, feminine dresses and suits; some licensing but no RTW
- Geoffrey Beene
A Coty Award winner; sophisticated elegance with unusual
details since the 1940's.
- Bill Blass
Does stylish, wearable, elegant clothes; Coty Hall of
Retired, bu firm continues with comfortable fashion-right
clothes, especially for working women.
De La Renta
Dominican of Spanish descent; creates romantic, colorful,
glamorous fashions with ruffles and flourishes; Coty Hall of Fame
- Louis Dell'Olio
Designs the Ann Klein lines; clazssic sportswear and
- James Galanos
Los Angeles based Coty Award winnder; luxurious quality
- David Hayes
Less expensive classics for women in beautiful fabrics
designed in California.
- Caroline Herrera
Elegant women's creations.
Designs avant-garde fashions with unusual materials and
ease of movement.
- Donna Karen
Formerly with Anne Klein, now has own firm; simple, sensual
women's clothess that stretch and move well; Coty Hall of Fame.
- Calvin Klein
"All-American" sportswear designs wit sophisticated
simplicity; status jeans; has many famous clients; Coty Hall of
- Michael Kors
Provocative, comfortable women's clothes.
- Ralph Lauren
Coty Hall of Fame; uses blazers with looks from "prairire
rugged" to "English gentry" to romantic; home fashions
and retail stores; Polo logo.
- Michael Leva
Young designer known for easy 'experimental' classics.
- Bob Mackie
Designs for Hollywood stars; lots of beaded work.
- Mary McFadden
Unusual, artistic, eccentric desins in decorative fabrics;
luxurious evening clothes; Coty Hall of Fame.
- Nolan Miller
Hollywood glamour designer for stars in movies and TV
- Isaac Mizrahi
Creates easy, fun, comfortable clothes in elegant, refined
- Todd Oldham
Whimsical young women's fashions.
- Arnold Scaasi
Glamourous gowns; Coty Award winner.
Patterned knits; several lines; licenses; boutiques.
Fashion Names of Today
Fashion Names Around the World
Company profiles will
give you a company description, company histories, competitors,
and other general company information.
- Hoover's Handbooks Reference Desk
- International Directory of Company Histories
Reference Table 6 HD2721.I63
- Company Web Sites
Useful for financial information, products, and services of the
company. Try using the most common form of the internet address:
- Hoover's Online
A good place to start. For more complete Hoovers profiles,
consult Hoovers via Lexis-Nexis or the Hoovers Handbooks at the
- Use the Company Profiles tab in the Business
Source Premier database for a report on that company
that includes a company overview, key facts, business description,
company history, key employees, major products and services, top
competitors, company view, and locations and subsidiaries.
Use the databases
to find information on your company, or articles on your
designer. This might be useful for finding current
news, or information on their marketing
approach or company culture. A good strategy
is to use the 'advanced' or 'guided' search options from
the database menus. Type in your company name in
one search box, and keywords in the other search box.
If one keyword doesn't work, try other similar terms (marketing
approach; market strategy/strategies; market penetration,
market positioning, etc.).
- WWD (Women's Wear Daily)
This magazine can be access in full text from
& Industry. Coverage is from
1995 to 2003. To access articles from this magazine
ONLY, click on the Advanced Search button on the main
search page. When th advanced search page comes up,
type in "womens wear daily" (without the quotations
marks) in the top search box, and select Source from
the drop down menu to the right of that box. In
the next box, type in a keyword, and you'll find articles
having to do with your keyword from that journal.
Lexis provides extensive information on industries
and corporations through full text access to newspapers,
magazines, newsletters and financial reports. To access
industry news, select 'Business', then 'Industry &
Market' to access news from over 25 industries.
Coverage includes important facts, figures, and key
events for international public and private companies,
industries, products, and markets. Includes trade
magazines, newsletters, and the general business press
to international business dailies. Some full text.
1994-present. Updated daily.
Coverage includes management, economics, finance,
accounting, and international business topics. Selected
full-text. Use the Company Profiles tab in the
database for a report on that company that includes
a company overview, key facts, business description,
company history, key employees, major products and
services, top competitors, company view, and locations
Coverage includes advertising, business conditions,
economics, finance, trends, corporate strategies,
management techniques, marketing, taxation, and product
information. Selected full-text. Early 80's-date.
Coverage includes finance, investments, advertising,
public relations, accounting, insurance, industries,
labor, management, and economics. 1983 - present.
No full text.
of Clothing and Fashion
Tracing the stylistic and functional threads that unite
clothing across time and cultures -- as well as delving
into the divergent styles and significance of apparel
-- this A to Z encyclopedia is the essential resource
for exploring the relationship between culture and couture.
(See also Designer Web
are authoritative sources on a particular topic. These
books are located in the reference area of the Stewart Library.
of Clothing and Fashion
Tracing the stylistic and functional threads that
unite clothing across time and cultures -- as
well as delving into the divergent styles and
significance of apparel -- this A to Z encyclopedia
is the essential resource for exploring the relationship
between culture and couture.
- Costume & Fashion Reference
- A to Z of Women in World History Reference
Includes a section on fashion designers and trendsetters.
- 20th Century Fashion Series
Includes the following titles:
- 1900-20 linen & lace
Reference GT596.M44 2000
- The 60's: mods & hippies
Reference GT596.P68 2000
- The 40's & 50's: utility to
new look Reference GT596.R49
- The 70's: punks, glam rockers,
& new romantics Reference
- The 80's & 90's: power dressing
to sportswear Reference
- The Complete History of Costume and
Fashion: From Egypt to the Present Day
Reference GT375.C67 2000
- Four Hundred Years of Fashion
Reference GT733.V532 1999
- Fairchild's Dictionary of Fashion
Reference TT503.C34 1998
- The Fashion Book Reference
- Who's Who in Fashion Reference
- Contemporary Fashion Reference
- The Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Costume
and Fashion: From 1066 to the Present Day
Reference GT720.C37 1994
- The Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Costume
and Fashion: From 1550-1920 Reference
- American Decades
Reference Table 2B E169.12.A419 1994
- American Eras Reference
Table 2B E169.1.A471979 1997
- World Eras Reference
Table 2B D20.W67 2001
Associations are potential
sources of detailed information on companies and industries. Many have
- Encyclopedia of Associations Reference
- Encyclopedia of Associations (International Organizations)
- Yearbook of International Organizations
- National trade and professional associations of
the United States, 1999 Reference HD2425.N37
- The Directory of Business Information Sources
Reference HF54.52 .U5 D567 2000
Includes associations, newsletters, magazines & journals,
trade shows, directories & databases, and Web sites.
on the Net (Internet Public Library)
"A collection of over 2000 Internet sites providing
information about a wide variety of professional and trade
associations, cultural and art organizations, political
parties and advocacy groups, labor unions, academic societies,
and research institutions. Abstracts summarizing information
about the association and its site are provided."
and Career Options
For information on training
programs, benefits, and any other career information specific to
that company, it is a good idea to contact HR at that company.
Many company representatives are willing to send you information.
For job openings, check the company homepage or local papers for
- Occupational Outlook Handbook
Working conditions, job requirements, outlook and more for hundreds
- Also check company homepages for job openings in
A few questions to ask yourself before you begin:
- What company are you researching?
If you need help in selecting a company, try the Fortune 500 web
site. This site lists the Fortune 500 companies in order of Fortune
500 rank and provides links to their homepages, a company snapshot,
industry information, and other information pertaining to the
company. Since these companies are large publicly held companies,
it will be relatively easy to find information.
- Is the company public or private?
a. Determine whether the company is publicly held, privately
owned, or a subsidiary of a publicly held organization. Remember,
information is more easily found for publicly held companies.
b. Public Company stock can be bought on public
stock exchanges. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
requires that public companies disclose financial information
to the public. Therefore, there is a lot of financial data and
disclosures about public company practices.
c. Private Company stock is typically owned by
the principles in the company (founders, family members key employees,
etc.). Financial disclosures do not have to be made to the public.
The best strategy is to search for a company web site, news sources
or inquire directly to the company. See
Private Company Resources for suggestions
on how to research privately held companies.
Beware of 'hidden company names' when researching
a company. If you cannot find any information on a public company
after searching by company name, try potential variants of the company
name or use the ticker symbol. Here are a few examples:
- DuPont: The company's name is actually E I Du Pont de Nemours
& Company. For companies with initials in their name, try
searching both forms. Another example is E. W. Scripps.
- IBM: is actually International Business Machines
- AT&T: really IS AT&T (but used to be American Telephone
and Telegraph Company)
- The Gap: Some directories will list this company under the T's,
while others will list it under G. If a company has a 'The' at
the beginning of its name, try both.
- Alcoa: Commonly known as 'Alcoa', it's proper legal name is
Aluminum Company of America. Some directories list it under 'Alcoa',
and some under its proper name.
- Using punctuation: Some databases don't mind periods or commas-
they simply ignore them. Others are more picky: if you don't include
punctuation, you won't get results, OR including punctuation gives
you no results. Again, if you're unsure, try both.
These are examples of
exemplary projects completed for this course.
accurately documenting sources used for research is an important
part of the writing and research process. Documentation is
- It is used to give credit for information originally written
- Documentation enables others to find the same information
- Failure to give credit for drawing on the work of others
in APA style appear below. For any source, electronic or print,
there isn't always a perfect example. If appropriate examples
do not exist, consult the official style manual (e.g. APA,
MLA, etc.) or an authoritative Web site and adapt the closest
example found. It may be necessary to take parts of separate
examples and make a "hybrid" citation. When in doubt, it is
better to include more information than less.
Mitchell, T.R., & Larson, J.R., Jr. (1987). People in
organizations: An introduction to organizational behavior
(3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Scholarly journal article:
White, E. C. (1992). Sound bite news. Journal of Communication
, 42, 5-18.
Popular magazine article:
Hirsch, M., Brant, M., Lipper, T., & Hosenball, M. (2002,
August 2). Hawks, doves, and dubya. Newsweek , 140, 24.
Journal article (found on the Internet):
Denning, W. M. (1997). Business curricula for the new university.
Educom Review , 31. Retrieved May 23, 2001, from http://educom.edu/web/pubs/review
Canarie, Inc. (1997, September 27). Towards a Canadian health
IWAY: Vision, opportunities and future steps. Retrieved November
8, 2000, from http://www.canarie.ca/press/publications/pdf/health/healthvision.doc
When searching for materials, try
a variety of databases- ask a librarian for suggestions based
on your topic. Remember- different databases will have
different coverage, and will look a little different.
One good strategy is to try to find one or two GOOD articles-
once you've found them, look at the terms they use, and try
another search using those terms. For more detailed
information on finding full text articles from business database,
full text articles online'.
EARLY! If you can find it, we can get it, but
you need to start your research early. You might find
some really great stuff that is not available in full text,
or articles from journals that we don't have access to.
If this is the case, all you have to do is fill out the online
article request form, and it will be sent to the WSU library
for you to pick up. These things might take a
few days or a week.
If you STILL can't
find exactly what you need, or have questions...
- CALL the Reference desk at: 626-6514
- CLICK on the Live assistance button for
real time help during library hours.
- Email us at
- or COME IN! The Reference Desk is on
the main floor, North.