A model computer and computer network policy addressing
the rights and responsibilities of individuals, schools and colleges in
the 21st Century.
In order to protect the rights and recognize the responsibilities of
individuals and institutions, we, the members of the educational community,
propose this Bill of Rights and Responsibilities for the Electronic Community
of Learners. These principles are based on a recognition that the electronic
community is a complex subsystem of the educational community founded
on the values espoused by that community. As new technology modifies the
system and further empowers individuals, new values and responsibilities
will change this culture. As technology assumes an integral role in education
and lifelong learning, technological empowerment of individuals and organizations
becomes a requirement and right for students, faculty, staff, and institution,
bringing with it new levels of responsibility that individuals and institutions
have to themselves and to other members of the educational community.
ARTICLE I: INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
The original Bill of Rights explicitly recognized that all individuals
have certain fundamental rights as members of the national community.
In the same way, the citizens of the electronic community of learners
have fundamental rights that empower them.
A citizen's access to computing and information resources shall not be
denied or removed without just cause.
The right to access includes the right to appropriate training and tools
required to effect access.
All citizens shall have the right to be informed about personal information
that is being and has been collected about them, and have the right to
review and correct that information. Personal information about a citizen
shall not be used for other than the express purpose of its collection
without the explicit permission of that citizen.
The constitutional concept of freedom of speech applies to citizens of
All citizens of the electronic community of learners have ownership rights
over their own intellectual works.
ARTICLE II: INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITIES
Just as certain rights are given to each citizen of the electronic community
of learners, each citizen is held accountable for his or her actions.
The interplay of rights and responsibilities within each individual and
within the community engenders the trust and intellectual freedom that
form the heart of our society. This trust and freedom are grounded on
each person's developing the skills necessary to be an active and contributing
citizen of the electronic community. These skills include an awareness
and knowledge about information technology and the uses of information
and an understanding of the roles in the electronic community of learners.
It shall be each citizen's personal responsibility to actively pursue
needed resources: to recognize when information is needed, and to be able
to find, evaluate, and effectively use information.
It shall be each citizen's personal responsibility to recognize (attribute)
and honor the intellectual property of others.
Since the electronic community of learners is based upon the integrity
and authenticity of information, it shall be each citizen's personal responsibility
to be aware of the potential for and possible effects of manipulating
electronic information; to understand the fungible nature of electronic
information; and to verify the integrity and authenticity, and assure
the security of information that he or she compiles or uses.
Each citizen, as a member of the electronic community of learners,
is responsible to all other citizens in that community: to respect the
and value the rights of privacy for all; to recognize and respect the
diversity of the population and opinion in the community; to behave ethically;
and to comply with legal restrictions regarding the use of information
Each citizen, as a member of the electronic community of learners, is
responsible to the community as a while to understand what information
technology resources are available, to recognize that the members of the
community share them, and to refrain from acts that waste resources or
prevent others from using them.
ARTICLE III: RIGHTS OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
Educational institutions have legal standing similar to that of individuals.
Our society depends upon educational institutions to educate our citizens
and advance the development of knowledge. However, in order to survive,
educational institutions mush attract financial and human resources. Therefore,
society must grant these institutions the rights to electronic resources
and information necessary to accomplish their goals.
The access of an educational institutions to computing and information
resources shall not be denied or removed without just cause.
Educational institutions in the electronic community of learners have
ownership rights over the intellectual works they create.
Each educational institution has the authority to allocate resources in
accordance with its unique institutional mission.
ARTICLE IV: INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES
Just as certain rights are assured to educational institutions in the
electronic community of learners, so too each is held accountable for
the appropriate exercise of those rights to foster the values of society
and to carry out each institution's mission. This interplay of rights
and responsibilities within the community fosters the creation and maintenance
of an environment wherein trust and intellectual freedom for individual
and institutional growth and success.
The institutional members of the electronic community of learners have
a responsibility to provide all members of their community with legally
acquired computer resources (hardware, software, networks, data bases,
etc.) in all instances where access to or use of the resources is an integral
part of active participation in the electronic community of learners.
Institutions have a responsibility to develop, implement, and maintain
security procedures to insure the integrity of individual and institutional
The institution shall treat electronically stored information as confidential.
The institution shall treat all personal files as confidential, examining
or disclosing the contents only when authorized by the owner of the information,
approved by the appropriate institutional official, or required by local,
state or federal law.
Institutions in the electronic community of learners shall train and support
faculty, staff and students to effectively use information technology.
Training includes skills to use the resources, to be aware of the existence
of data repositories and techniques for using them, and to understand
the ethical and legal uses of the resources.
You are hereby granted permission to make and distribute electronic or
print copies of this document for non-profit educational purposes provided
the following attribution included:
The Bill of Rights and Responsibilities for Electronic Learners is used
with permission. The Bill of Rights and Responsibilities is a project
affiliated with the American Association for Higher Education. The project
was initiated under the Educational Uses of Information Technology program